To the People of Mexico
To the Peoples and Governments of the World
To Ing. Cuauhtemoc Cardenas Solorzano
To the National Democratic Convention (CND)
To the National Commission of Intermediation (CONAI)
1. President Ernesto Zedillo Ponce de Leon has proposed the formation of a "plural and independent" commission of legislators belonging to distinct political parties to mediate the conflict in Chiapas.
2. This proposal is defective. The EZLN cannot recognize a governmental entity as mediator. It rose up against the government, and the government cannot be both party and mediator in this confrontation.
None of the legislators who would constitute such a commission can claim neutrality: The Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI) is part of the government, and those legislators of the other parties who are not dependent on the government are in opposition to it. The national force which can play the role of mediator comes from "civil society," that is to say, those unaffiliated with any political party. This force made possible first the cease fire, then the truce.
Moreover, contrary to the discourse of the federal executive, the political, economic and social conditions which pushed our people to armed rebellion against the government persist. The solution to the conflict that is apparently confined to the southeast, but in fact is manifest throughout the country, will not come from "governmental commissions" but from a profound transformation in the political, social and economic relations between governors and the governed.
(A) The EZLN rejects the mediation of the legislative commission proposed by Ernesto Zedillo Ponce de Leon.
(B) The EZLN recognizes the National Commission of Intermediation (CONAI) as representative of the peaceful efforts of Mexican civil society and as a neutral entity in the conflict, and it declares that CONAI can play an effective role as mediator between the EZLN and the federal government.
(C) The EZLN recognizes the social forces grouped around Cuauhtemoc Cardenas Solorzano and the National Democratic Convention as the honest opposition and asks them to act independently of their political affiliations and convey to Mexican society and national political leaders the following measures to bring about a stable truce :
1. Solutions satisfactory to all parties of the post- electoral conflicts in the states of Veracruz, Chiapas, and Tabasco.
2. Recognition of the democratic transitional government in the state of Chiapas.
3. Recognition by the federal government of the National Commission of Intermediation (CONAI) as a neutral entity which can enable a political solution to the conflict.
In recognition of the efforts of Cuauhtemoc Cardenas and the National Democratic Convention to bring about peace with justice and dignity, the EZLN general command has issued orders to its troops to avoid, in so far as possible, any contact with the Mexican Army and publically declares its commitment not to attack in the immediate future the Army's current positions.
DEMOCRACY, LIBERTY, JUSTICE!
From the mountains of the Southeast of Mexico
Mexico, December 1994